[Don’t forget to visit my YouTube page for tutorials on Spanish, Mandarin and Korean: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCe0pYlh0CU9ewkQfh1t3nEQ
Then visit my twitter feed https://twitter.com/Gtlanguages ]
여보세요! 오늘위 수업 ‘입니다/습니다’ 때문에 있어요.
Today’s lesson is about ‘imnida/sûmnida’.
This is the formal polite ending which we use in formal settings such as news reports, speeches, business meetings and used intermittently by males to sound more ‘masculine’. Let’s learn how to use it and then look at some examples.
In all cases you take the -ta/da off the verb and add the following endings.
Verbs ending in vowels: imnida ㅂ니다
Verbs ending in consonants: sûmnida 습니다
Nouns: imnida 입니다
kada – to go > kamnida 갑니다
oda – to come > omnida 옵니다
møkda – to eat > møksûmnida 먹습니다
mashida – to drink > mashimnida 마십니다
an(j)ta – to sit > an(j)sûmnida 앉습니다
ilkta – to read > ilksûmnida 읽습니다
haksaeng – student > haksaengimnida – to be a student 학생입니다 (I am a student, you are a student, etc)
Jon > Jonimnida – to be Jon 전입니다 (I am Jon, he is Jon, etc)
kasu > kasuimnida – to be a singer 가수입니다 (I am a singer, she is a singer, etc)
i(s)tta – to be > isssûmnida 있습니다 (Also: to have. Ke du mari-ga issûmnida – I have 2 dogs 개 두 마리가 있습니다 )
op(s)ta – to not be > opssûmnida 없습니다 (Also: to not have. Ke se mari-ga øpsøyo – I don’t have 3 dogs 개 세 마리가 없어요 )
This is one of the highest forms of politeness in Korean, therefore we don’t tend to use it when talking to children or about animals (In the example above we mentioned animals but we were talking about ourselves, what pets WE have, so that’s ok). We use the casual and intimate form for that (the form without -yo at the end) e.g. ødi kani? 어디 가니? – Where are you going? (to a child) ke-ga inna? 개가 있나? – Do you have a dog? (To a child) [N.B. question forms in the casual form take -ni or -na.]
We use it especially when introducing ourselves for the first time: Annyong haseyo? Gareth-imnida. Hello, I’m Gareth. 안녕하세요? Gareth입니다.
As I said before, it is used in news and weather broadcasts: onûl pam-e nun omnida – Tonight there is snow 오늘 밤에 눈 옵니다.
You may have noticed the strange pronunciation. In Korean we write -ipnida 입니다. This is difficult to say so we say -imnida 입니다 instead.
Hope that gives you a better idea how this form works.
Try to form these verbs yourself >
ch’a(j)ta – to look for
chum-ûl chuda – to dance
norae hada – to sing
chada – to sleep
cho(h)ta – to like
ch’a(j)ta – to look for > cha(j)tsûmnida 찾습니다
chum-ûl chuda – to dance > chum-ûl chumnida 줌을 줍니다
norae hada – to sing > norae hamnida 노래 합니다
chada – to sleep > chamnida 잡니다
cho(h)ta – to like > cho(h)sûmnida 좋습니다
How did that go? The letters in brackets are silent but I put them in to help you choose which ending to use. You don’t need to pronounce that letter.