Korean Grammar 101: Nouns


In this additional lesson we are going to learn about Korean nouns.

As with many other Asian languages, Korean nouns are incredibly simple to use.

How they differ from European languages:

1) There are no masculine or feminine (or neuter).  Nouns hold no gender.

2) There is no actual plural for any noun.  More on this often broken rule later.

3) There is no case ending like in Russian, Greek or Latin.  (Except the case markers nun / i / ga / rûl )

4) There is no definite nor indefinite pronoun.  i.e. no words for ‘a’, ‘an’, ‘some’ or ‘the’

Therefore, the word ‘pap’ 밥 = rice, rices, the rice, the rices, a rice, some rice.

Equally, ke 개 = dog, dogs, the dog, the dogs, a dog, some dogs.

 

Going back to point 2.  There is a plural marker which is sometimes used.  It shouldn’t be used all of the time and is more popularly used with living things rather than inanimate objects.  The suffix is ‘dûl’ 들

The markers mentioned in part 3 are then added after this so you will see the following:

dûr-i 들이 / dûr-ûl 들을 / dûr-ûn 들은

Look over the following sentences and take a look at its use.

hyøng-dûr-i o-go issøyo – (My) older brothers are coming

형들이 오고 있어요

Sønsaengnim-i nuna-dûr-ûl hangug-ø karûch’iseyo – Sir/Miss is teaches my older sisters Korean

선생님이 누나들을 한국어 가르치세요

 

 

안녕히 가세요!

Bye!

 

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6 responses to “Korean Grammar 101: Nouns

  1. Aw, this was a very nice post. In thought I want to put in writing like this moreover � taking time and actual effort to make an excellent article� however what can I say� I procrastinate alot and certainly not appear to get one thing done.

    Like

  2. big thanks for putting up these korean lessons. out of all the other websites and blogs on learning korean, I find yours to be the most understandable. totally helps me with my korean class. 🙂

    Like

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