In this additional lesson we are going to learn about Korean nouns.
As with many other Asian languages, Korean nouns are incredibly simple to use.
How they differ from European languages:
1) There are no masculine or feminine (or neuter). Nouns hold no gender.
2) There is no actual plural for any noun. More on this often broken rule later.
3) There is no case ending like in Russian, Greek or Latin. (Except the case markers nun / i / ga / rûl )
4) There is no definite nor indefinite pronoun. i.e. no words for ‘a’, ‘an’, ‘some’ or ‘the’
Therefore, the word ‘pap’ 밥 = rice, rices, the rice, the rices, a rice, some rice.
Equally, ke 개 = dog, dogs, the dog, the dogs, a dog, some dogs.
Going back to point 2. There is a plural marker which is sometimes used. It shouldn’t be used all of the time and is more popularly used with living things rather than inanimate objects. The suffix is ‘dûl’ 들
The markers mentioned in part 3 are then added after this so you will see the following:
dûr-i 들이 / dûr-ûl 들을 / dûr-ûn 들은
Look over the following sentences and take a look at its use.
hyøng-dûr-i o-go issøyo – (My) older brothers are coming
형들이 오고 있어요
Sønsaengnim-i nuna-dûr-ûl hangug-ø karûch’iseyo – Sir/Miss is teaches my older sisters Korean
선생님이 누나들을 한국어 가르치세요