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In this post I am going to explain the difference between the two verbs which mean ‘to be’ or ‘is/am/are’.
Itda – to be (exist)
Present tense = issøyo / Past tense = issøssøyo / Future tense = issûlkøeyo
This means ‘to be’ when used with location: chaeg-i kû bang-eso issøyo – The book is in that room
It also means ‘to have’: chaeg-i issøyo – I have a book
It can mean ‘to exist’ and also ‘there is/there are’: chaek-i issøyo – there is a book
-ieyo – to be (equals / equivalent)
This means ‘is’ as in ‘A is B’: Gary-nûn yongsaram-ieyo – Gary is British (English)
Pak-ssi-nûn sonsaengnim-ieyo – Pak is a teacher
Remember that it is simply stuck onto the last word of the sentence, it isn’t a word of it’s own.
The negatives of both are as follows:
ieyo/yeyo = anieyo (Anieyo is a separate word and DOESN’T stick onto the last word)
issøyo = øpsøyo
Hope this helps!
Annyønghi kaseyo! 안녕히 가세요!