Korean Vocabulary 1: The Verb


Here is quite a comprehensive list of verbs in Korean.  Don’t be daunted by the size of the list.  Just pop back to it from time to time or copy then paste it to Word, etc. and highlight 3-5 words and learn them at a time.

Explanations:

Use this unit in conjunction with the unit on The Present Tense.  You are fortunate that only a very simple set of rules are needed to correctly conjugate these verbs.

For example, any verbs ending in ‘hada’ just turn to ‘haeyo’ to form the present tense of any person

e.g. pulp’yong hada – to complain

pulp’yong haeyo – I complain/you complain/he complains/she complains, etc.

As for the others just remember the rules in the verb unit.

i.e. Take off the -da/ta and add ayo or øyo depending on the sound of the preceeding vowel.

Verbs ending in û/l/t/p need special attention

pulp’yong hada – to complain 불푱하다

suyøng hada – to swim 수용하다

nongdam hada – to joke 농담하다

chøng hada – to decide 정하다

kyøljøng hada – to decide 결정하다

-kiro haessøyo – to have decided to 기로했어요

ch’aja po – to have a look for 차자보다

chapsushida – to eat (hon) 잡수시다 

chungyo hada – to be important 중요하다

chuch’a hada – to park 주차하다

hwagin hada – to confirm/check 화긴하다

hullyung hada – is excellent/great 훌륭하다

irøbørida – to lose 이러버리다 

issang hada – is strange 있앙하다

issushida – to have (hon) 있우시다

kalta– to change 갈다

karûch’ida– to teach 가르치다

kiøg-i annayo – I don’t remember 기어기 안나요

kojang hada – to break down 고장하다

kûnsa hada – to look great 근사하다

mach’angaji-yeyo – to be the same / identical 마창가지여요

pisût hada – to look similar 비슫하다

morûda – to not know [mollayo – (I) don’t know] 모르다 (몰라요)

norae hada – to sing 노레하다

noryøk hada – to make an effort 노력하다

nûkki – to feel 느끼다

naajida – to get better 나아지다 (나아 져요)

namda – to remain/be left over 남다 

ttonada – to put down/leave더나다

nollada – be shocked/surprised 놀라다 

paedal hada – to deliver 베달하다

pakkuda – to change 바꾸다

palsaeng hada – to occur/happen 발셍하다

patta – to receive 받다

ponaeda – to send 보내다

pulch’injøl hada – to be unhelpful/unkind/rude 불친절하다

pulp’yøng hada – to complain 불펭하다

put’ak hada – to make a request (put’ak hamnida) 부탁하다

purûda – to call 부르다

saenggak hae naeda – to remember 색각해 내다

shikkurøwoyo – shut up! / be quiet! 시꾸러워요

shiksa hada – to have a meal 식사하다

tora oda – to return 돌아 오다

towa-juda – to help 도와 주다

ttarûda – to follow 따르다

tûrø itta – to be contained/included 드러 있다

tûrø oda – to come in 드러 오다

ûynon hada – to discuss 위논하다

won hada – to want/require 원하다

wihøm hada – to be dangerous 의험하다

yeyak hada – to book/reserve 예약하다

yuhaeng hada – to be popular/in vogue 유헹하다

kojang nassøyo – is broken down 고장나쎄요

kushigieyo – is old fashioned 구식이에요

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