Korean Lesson 9: Hada – to do


[Don’t forget to visit my YouTube page for tutorials on Spanish, Mandarin and Korean: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCe0pYlh0CU9ewkQfh1t3nEQ

Then visit my twitter feed https://twitter.com/Gtlanguages ]

In this unit we will learn more about the verb Hada – to do which is the most useful verb in the Korean language.

Hada > haeyo = I do / you do / he/she does / we do / you (plural) do / they do

As Korean is related to Turkish it has the same rules for ‘Hada’ as Turkish has for ‘etmek’ which are, simply put, that if you get a noun (a thing) and put it with Hada (a verb or doing word) then you make it into a verb.

Examples:

kongbu – study/studies
kongbu hada – to study
kongbu haeyo – I study, etc.

undong – exercise
undong hada – to exercise
undong haeyo – I exercise, etc.

choa – a like
choa hada – to like
choa haeyo – I like / you like, etc.

yaksuk – an appointment
yaksuk hada – to make an appointment
yaksuk haeyo – I make an appointment, etc.

mal – words/speech
mal hada – to talk
mal haeyo – I talk

chonhwa – a telephone
chonhwa hada – to telephone
chonhwa haeyo – I phone, you phone, etc.

And the list is HUGE! You can’t necessarily make up ones of your own but be aware that this way of creating verbs is rife in Korean and many of the words you learn can be used this way.

For the purpose of pushing you smarty-pants amongst us, here is Hada in several different tenses. We will cover these tenses in future units for other verbs but just to give you a head start!

haeyo – present tense > I do
haessøyo – past tense > I did
ha-go issøyo – progressive > I am doing
halkøeyo – future > I will do
halkkeyo future > I will do (more casual)
ha-giro haessøyo > I have decided to do
hapshida > let’s do
halkkayo > shall we do?
hallaeyo > I want to do (in the future)
ha-go shipøyo – I want to do
hal su issøyo – I can do
hal su øpsøyo – I can’t do
hal ttae – when I do
(shinae)-e … ha-ro kayo – I’m going to (town) to do…
…ha-myøn – If I do…
…hanûndeyo – I am doing this so…
…ha-sø – as I’m doing…
…haeya dweyo – I have to do…
…haedo dweyo – Is it okay to…
…haemyøn an dweyo – It isn’t okay to…

Now put any of the words before hada to create countless sentences.
e.g.
kongbu haeya dweyo – I have to study
undong ha-giro haessøyo – I have decided to exercise
yaksuk halkkayo? – Shall I/we make an appointment?
yogi-sø mal haemyøn an dweyo – you can’t talk here (yogi-sø = short for yogi-esø > here)
Hakkyø-e chonhwa hapshida – Let’s phone the school (hakkyø – school)
kû chaeg-ûl choa haessøyo – I liked that book (kû – that / chaek – book / ûl – object marker)
And many more!…

…Enjoy being creative!

Annyonghi kaseyo!

Advertisements

One response to “Korean Lesson 9: Hada – to do

  1. Learning Spanish, or any 2nd language, can be enriching and broaden your perspective. In the process of learning Spanish, you cannot help but start to understand more about the Spanish culture and heritage too.

    And you don\\\’t need books or tapes to do it because now you can even learn Spanish online.

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s