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In this unit we will learn more about the verb Hada – to do which is the most useful verb in the Korean language.
Hada > haeyo = I do / you do / he/she does / we do / you (plural) do / they do
As Korean is related to Turkish it has the same rules for ‘Hada’ as Turkish has for ‘etmek’ which are, simply put, that if you get a noun (a thing) and put it with Hada (a verb or doing word) then you make it into a verb.
kongbu – study/studies
kongbu hada – to study
kongbu haeyo – I study, etc.
undong – exercise
undong hada – to exercise
undong haeyo – I exercise, etc.
choa – a like
choa hada – to like
choa haeyo – I like / you like, etc.
yaksuk – an appointment
yaksuk hada – to make an appointment
yaksuk haeyo – I make an appointment, etc.
mal – words/speech
mal hada – to talk
mal haeyo – I talk
chonhwa – a telephone
chonhwa hada – to telephone
chonhwa haeyo – I phone, you phone, etc.
And the list is HUGE! You can’t necessarily make up ones of your own but be aware that this way of creating verbs is rife in Korean and many of the words you learn can be used this way.
For the purpose of pushing you smarty-pants amongst us, here is Hada in several different tenses. We will cover these tenses in future units for other verbs but just to give you a head start!
haeyo – present tense > I do
haessøyo – past tense > I did
ha-go issøyo – progressive > I am doing
halkøeyo – future > I will do
halkkeyo future > I will do (more casual)
ha-giro haessøyo > I have decided to do
hapshida > let’s do
halkkayo > shall we do?
hallaeyo > I want to do (in the future)
ha-go shipøyo – I want to do
hal su issøyo – I can do
hal su øpsøyo – I can’t do
hal ttae – when I do
(shinae)-e … ha-ro kayo – I’m going to (town) to do…
…ha-myøn – If I do…
…hanûndeyo – I am doing this so…
…ha-sø – as I’m doing…
…haeya dweyo – I have to do…
…haedo dweyo – Is it okay to…
…haemyøn an dweyo – It isn’t okay to…
Now put any of the words before hada to create countless sentences.
kongbu haeya dweyo – I have to study
undong ha-giro haessøyo – I have decided to exercise
yaksuk halkkayo? – Shall I/we make an appointment?
yogi-sø mal haemyøn an dweyo – you can’t talk here (yogi-sø = short for yogi-esø > here)
Hakkyø-e chonhwa hapshida – Let’s phone the school (hakkyø – school)
kû chaeg-ûl choa haessøyo – I liked that book (kû – that / chaek – book / ûl – object marker)
And many more!…
…Enjoy being creative!