In this unit we are going to learn how to say ‘when’ which is useful when creating longer sentences in Korean.
It is also very easy to do. Simply take the dictionary form (ending in -ta/da) and take that part off. Next, if it still ends in a consonant then add -ûl ttae.
It it ends in a vowel just add -l ttae.
hal ttae – when you do
kal ttae – when you go
chal ttae – when you sleep
issûl ttae – when you have
møgûl ttae – when you eat
shigan issûl ttae, pot’ong mwø haeyo? – When you have time, what do you usually do?
undong hal ttae, mwø haeyo? – When you do exercise, what do you do?
When we use ‘when’ in English with a future idea, such as “when you graduate, what will you do?” this is a different construction in Korean. Koreans say, ‘if’ rather than ‘when’.
chorøp ha-myøn, mwø hal køyeyo? – When (if) you graduate, what will you do?
pigan ha-myøn, mwø hal køyeyo? – When you get tired, what will you do?
Hope this helps!