Korean lesson 5: Numbers 1-10


There are 2 sets of numbers in constant use in Korea. Here are the two ways of counting up to ten, then a brief explanation of which to use in which situation.

Sino-Korean
1 – il
2 – i
3 – sam
4 – sa
5 – o
6 – yuk
7 – ch’il
8 – p’al
9 – ku
10 – ship

Native Korean
1 – hana
2 – dul
3 – set
4 – net
5 – tasot
6 – yasot
7 – ilgop
8 – yodol
9 – ahop
10 – yol

Whenever any word follows the numbers 1-4, they lose their last letter:
han
du
se
ne

Uses
It is quite unnecessary to go through all the uses at this early point in your learning of Korean. However basic differences are:
Sino-Korean is used for counting: minutes / days / years / money
Native: items (bottles / cups / books / paper) / hours / people / animals and months

Examples:
han saram – One person
il il – one day
du jan – 2 cups
i nyon – 2 years
se dal – 3 months
sam won – 3 won (Korean money)

Time: shi = hour / pun (bun) = minutes

han shi o bun – 3:05
du shi ship pun – 3:10
yodol shi i ship pun = 8:20 (8 hour + 2 x 10 minutes)
ahop shi sam ship o bun = 9:35 (9 hour + 3 x 10 + 5 minutes!!!)

Notes:
There is no real plural in Korean so it is one bottle / two bottle: han byon / du byon

We will return to the time in a future unit

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