Spanish Lesson 6 – The verb SER ‘to be’ / Adjectives


In this unit we will learn one of the verbs meaning ‘to be’ and how to use adjectives

Ser – to be

  • Soy – I am
  • Eres – You are
  • Es – He/she/it is
  • Somos – We are
  • Sois – You are
  • Son – They are

Eres is used for 1 person and Sois is used for more than 1.

Now think about all the sentences that we’ve used with Soy so far.  Adapt them.

Soy inglés – I am English

Eres inglés – You are English

Es inglés – He/it is English

Es inglesa – She/it is English

Somos ingleses/inglesas – We are English

Sois ingleses/inglesas – You are English

Son ingleses/inglesas – They are English

Adjectives (describing words)

See how the word for ‘English’ changes?

The word changes depending on whether the thing described is male, female, more than 1 male and more than 1 female.

inglés / inglesa

ingleses / inglesas

N.B.  Spanish is a slightly sexist language in some ways.  If you say “We are English” and 200 of them are female but there is just one male, then you have to use the male version, ‘Somos ingleses’

e.g. Son ingleses – They are English (all males)

Son inglesas – They are English (all female)

Son ingleses – They are English (male and female)

Don’t worry, we will cover this in greater detail in the coming units.  As long as you recognise it for now, that will be enough.

¡Adiós!

 

Answer from Unit 5:

¡Hola!  Me llamo Frederico y soy español.  Vivo en Málaga en España.  Tengo veintitrés años.  Hablo español, italiano y francés.  ¡Hasta luego!

Hello!  My name is Fred and I am Spanish.  I live in Malaga in Spain.  I am 23 years old.  I speak Spanish, Italian and French.  See you later!

 

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