Grammar 101: Adjectives


This unit is separate from the others.  It is a grammar specific module concentrating on those tricky adjectives!

 

Adjectives can end in a number of different letters (inglés / diferente / frío / fácil…)

The word found in the dictionary will be the MASCULINE form.

 

Here’s how to make them FEMININE:

Vowels:

-o > take off the ‘o’ and add ‘a’ (italiano > italiana)

-e > e never changes (canadiense > canadiense)

 

Any consonants don’t change (except ‘s’):

-l > l (útil > útil)

-s > -sa (francés > francesa)

 

Here’s how to talk about more than one MASCULINE thing (PLURAL):

Vowels just add an ‘s’

e > es (diferente > diferentes)

o > os (italiano > italianos)

 

Consonants add an -es

útil > útiles

marrón > marrones

inglés > ingleses

 

And finally to talk about things which are FEMININE and PLURAL: 

Vowels: Change it into the feminine form then add an -s

-e > -es (interesante > interesantes)

-o > -as (italiano > italianas)

 

Consonants:

-l > -les (útil > útiles)

-s > -as (inglés > inglesas)

 

e.g.

1. The rich boy = El chico rico

2. The rich girl = La chica rica

3. The rich boys = Los chicos ricos

4. The rich girls = La chicas ricas

 

a. The useful boy = El chico útil

b. The useful girl = La chica útil

c. The useful boys = Los chicos útiles

d. The useful girls = Las chicas útiles

 

i. The interesting boy = El chico interesante

ii. The interesting girl = La chica interesante

iii. The interesting boys = Los chicos interesantes

iv. The interesting girls = Las chicas interesantes

 

~ The English boy = El chico inglés

~ The English girl = La chica inglesa

~ The English boys = Los chicos ingleses

~ The English girls = Las chicas inglesas

 

 

Resumen:

If it ends in ‘o’ or ‘s’ then there are 4 forms

If it ends in e or any consonant except ‘s’ then there are just 2 forms

 

 

¡Hasta pronto!

 

 

 

 

 

 

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